In the early part of the twentieth century, Chinese nationalists exploited the "historical memory" of national humiliation to overthrow the Ch'ing Dynasty
and create the Chinese Republic.
At all times he dominated the Chinese officials whose feeble Ch'ing Dynasty
was too demoralised to resist.
Solid Bone and Luminous Flesh: Ch'ing Dynasty
Ceramics (1644-1911), Philadelphia Museum of Art, through May 31.
They established the Ch'ing dynasty
, which was to rule China for two and a half centuries.
Collectively, these three theoretical discussions provide the analytical framework for Berman's examination of the Chinese press from the late Ch'ing Dynasty through the Republican era and, eventually, to the rule of the KMT on Taiwan.
Echoing the ideas of noted historian Andrew Nathan, Berman contends that Liang's journals were a significant catalyst in the reforms that ultimately brought down the Ch'ing Dynasty in 1911.
In 1967 Bodde and Morris co-authored Law in Imperial China, Exemplified by 190 Ch'ing Dynasty
down to any of a choice of cut-off dates such as the Opium War of 1839-42 or the collapse of the Ch'ing dynasty
Despite collectors gathered in PF Windibanks' auction room in Dorking, Surrey, stopping at pounds 8,000, a buyer in Hong Kong gambled that the piece dated from the Ch'ing dynasty
of the late 17th to early 18th centuries.
His style was based on study of a canonical roster of literati masters certified in the late Ming period by the imperious artist-critic Tung Ch'i-ch'ang and followed by painters of the "Orthodox School" during the early Ch'ing dynasty
Chinese intellectuals, in an effort to cope effectively with a variety of socio-economic, political, and ethical issues confronting them in the late Ch'ing dynasty
(1644-1911), moved away from a doctrinal, didactic presentation of Confucian values to an approach whereby the values were affirmed and inculcated ritually.
In the case of the aforesaid anonymous secret history of the Jahriyya teachings, it, as one Chinese Muslim scholar points out (Chang Ch'en-chih, introduction to the Peking 1993 edition), evidently has to do with fears of persecution under the Ch'ing dynasty
whose ruling class was, ironically, not Chinese itself but Manchu and whose state censorship bureau bad very limited knowledge, if any, of Islamic languages.
Presenting itself as a legitimate alternative to the Manchu government at Peking, the quasi-Christian and communal T'ai P'ing movement was able to tap into a potent combination of support-economic discontent, antiforeign feeling, religious fanaticism, a geographic base in the very heartland of China, and a widespread perception of the Ch'ing dynasty
as ineffectual and ready for a replacement.
1709) and Shih Ting-an (1710-70), the two "national experts" (kuo-shou) of the Ch'ing dynasty
(1644-1911), were likened stylistically to two great T'ang poets: "Hsi-p'ing is wonderful and lofty, like the divine dragon shifting shape - its head and tail are indistinguishable.
Chu Wei-tseng (Shanghai: Shanghai jen-min, 1983), 322-37; Ho Yu-sen, "Ch'ing-tai Han-Sung chih cheng p'ing-i," Wen-shih-che hsueh-pao 27 (1978): 97-113; Liang Ch'i-ch'ao, Intellectual Trends in the Ch'ing Dynasty