samples Species (common name) SIV lineage SIV+ SIV- Pan troglodytes troglodytes SIVcpzPtt 2 1 (west central chimpanzee) Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii SIVcpzPts 1 NA (eastern chimpanzee) Cercopithecus
nictitans (greater SIVgsn 6 45 spot-nosed monkey) Cercopithecus
cephus SIVmus 7 30 (mustached monkey) Cercopithecus
mona (Mona SIVmon NA 1 monkey) Miopithecus ogouensis SIVtal 1 6 (northern talapoin) Cercopithecus
neglectus (De SIVdeb 7 1 Brazza monkey) Cercocebus torquatus (red-capped SIVrcm 4 NA mangabey) Chlorocebus tantalus (African SIVagm 1 NA green monkey) Mandrillus sphinx (mandrill) SIVmnd-2 10 2 Colobus guereza (mantled SIVcol 10 7 guereza) Total 49 93 * SIV, simian immunodefiency virus; NA, none available.
Phylogenetic analyses showed broad diversity of STLV, including novel STLV-1 and STLV-3 sequences and a highly divergent STLV-3 subtype found in Cercopithecus mona and C.
hamadryas papio) from Senegal (17); and Central African STLV-3 subtype C includes divergent strains (Cni217 and Cni227) from Cercopithecus nictitans monkeys from Cameroon (21).
Phylogenetic analyses of the 9 integrase products indicated that all belonged to the large clade of the African SFVs with 5 strains from gorilla, 2 from chimpanzee, 1 from mandrill, and 1 closely related to Cercopithecus
strains (online Appendix Figure).
We detected Rickettsia felis DNA in Ctenocephalides felis and Bartonella quintana DNA in 3 Pulex irritans fleas taken from a pet Cercopithecus
cephus monkey in Gabon, sub-Saharan Africa.
Duiker), Hylochoerus meinertzhagim (Giant Forest Hog), Potamochoerus porcus (Red River Hog), Gorilla gorilla, Pan troglodytes (Chimpanzee), Cercopithecus