In their analysis of 3,355 patients, the risk of C-section for cephalopelvic disproportion
increased with newborn weight.
Typically, in developing countries, the immediate cause of fistula is obstructed labor related to cephalopelvic disproportion
(a situation in which the mother's pelvis is too small to allow for safe passage of the baby's head).
Physicians often attribute this to cephalopelvic disproportion
Women at high risk are typically primigravidas who experience a prolonged and difficult labor and deliver larger than usual babies and women whose deliveries are characterized by cephalopelvic disproportion
Malpresentation, Malposition, Cephalopelvic Disproportion
and Obstetric Procedures,
Other indications for CS included cephalopelvic disproportion