Common to abundant trees included Acer nigrum, Celtis occidentalis
, Juglans nigra, and Ulmus americana.
56 Fraxinus americana -- -- -- Celtis occidentalis
11 (1) 5.
One closed forest, Burton Woods, located on a terrace of Salt Creek in Mason County, was dominated by Celtis occidentalis
4) and occasional deciduous trees such as Fraxinus pennsylvanica and Celtis occidentalis
on the canyon floor.
Most hackberry comes from Celtis occidentalis
, but another similar species, Celtis laevigata, or sugarberry, is sometimes sold commercially under the name hackberry.
Additional common species found among plots included Celtis occidentalis
, Platanus occidentals, Quercus bicolor, and Ulmus rubra.
latifolia 1 tamarack Larix laricina 1b laurel willow Salix pentandra 2 European white birch Betula pendula 2 white elm Ulmus americana 2a cranberry Viburnum trilobum 2b Manitoba maple Acer negundo 2b ponderosa pine Pinus ponderosa 2b Ohio buckeye Aesculus glabra 2b hackberry Celtis occidentalis
3 little-leaf linden Tilia cordata 3 Rocky Mountain juniper Juniperus scopulorum 3 red maple Acer rubrum 3b black walnut Juglans nigra 3b white ash Fraxinus americana 4 ginkgo/maidenhair tree Ginkgo biloba 4 black locust Robinia pseudoacacia 4a Rocky Mountain Douglas-fir Pseudotsuga menziesii var.
Species marked with an asterisk (*) are non-native Number Number of Sites of points present present Scientific name Common name (n = 5) (n = 73) Celtis occidentalis
Hackberry 5 42 Fraxinus spp.
The least disturbed forest occurs on the bluff face, and is dominated by Acer saccharum, Fraxinus americana, Tilia americana, Juglans nigra and Celtis occidentalis
Scattered second growth woodlands (Acer negundo, Celtis occidentalis
, Crataegus mollis, Fraxinus pennsylvanica var.
Fraxinus pennsylvanica, Juglans nigra, Celtis occidentalis
, Aesculus glabra and Ulmus rubra, were typical of moist lowland woodland sites.
The five most common corticolous substrates were Quercus rubra with 20 lichen species, followed by Juglans nigra (15 species), Quercus alba and Celtis occidentalis
(14 species) and Acer saccharinum (13 species).
Based on relative importance values (RIV), the important species for the floodplain woods to the north of the summit are Populus deltoides, Ulmus americana, Platanus occidentalis, and Robinia pseudoacacia, while the important species for the floodplain woods to the south of the summit are Acer saccharum, Aesculus glabra, Ulmus rubra, and Celtis occidentalis
and Quercus palustris were largely flood intolerant while Fraxinus pennsylvanica and Acer saccharinum were more tolerant.
Werner (1931) reported the presence of "Nebencystolithen" (secondary cystoliths) in leaves of Celtis occidentalis