Computer models were used to express Grosseteste's equations and they created a series of celestial spheres
as Grosseteste envisaged.
Now, since the circular motion of celestial spheres
is neither by nature nor by constraint, it must originate from the voluntary power (quwwah iradiyyah) of ensouled bodies or living beings.
The fourth and final section of chapter two, "The Poet's Incarnate Word," shows how the "word made flesh" is Dante's model for his own incarnate word in the cantos treating the celestial spheres
of the trivium.
The book, the title of which is translated as "The Adjustment of the Configuration of the Celestial Spheres
," is the subject of this review.
While Al Birjandi objected to the application of the Tusi-couple to the celestial spheres
regarding the necessity of rest between two motions, his curiosity was boundless, as he wished to test whether or not the curvilinear or spherical versions of the Tusi-couple produced a slight longitudinal inclination.
Drawing heavily upon the Mutakallimun, especially Alghazali, Maimonides argued that the celestial bodies have characteristics for which there is no necessary cause, such as the number and size of the celestial spheres
, the direction in which they revolve, or the distribution of the fixed stars.
The corporeal celestial soul, though producing only a single effect that occurs in a single manner, possesses consciousness; this soul is the faculty which is the immediate cause for setting into motion the celestial spheres
(al-quwwah al-mubashshirah li al-tahrik al-falaki).
He was using Copernican dimensions that required the orbs carrying the sun and the planet Mars to intersect, a physical impossibility while he remained committed to celestial spheres
This work referred to the Neoplatonic philosopher Marsilio Ficino, who once wrote of an ideal bedroom whose materials and colors would refer to the elements of the universe in such a way as to infuse the sleeper with the same harmony that governs the celestial spheres
, thereby having a beneficent effect on one's daily activities--here symbolized by the presence of Vera da fotocopia (Real as a photocopy), 1995, a double wooden desk, an exact copy of one created by archit ect Louis Kahn for the Exeter library and the only work by Airo not made expressly for this occasion.
He advanced that the celestial spheres
consisted of an additional fifth element, which could be studied through astronomy and astrology.
But when he came to discuss the solidity of the celestial spheres
, which his own system called into question by requiring the intersection of the spheres of Mars and the sun, he took pains to square Scripture.
In this first installment of the translation of the correspondence between Ibn Sina and al-Biruni, al-As'ilah wa'l-Ajwibah, Ibn Sina responds to the first question posed to him by al-Biruni who criticizes reasons given by Aristotle for denying levity or gravity to the celestial spheres
and the Aristotelian notion of circular motion being an innate property of the heavenly bodies.
The large sphere and the darkness it contains also recall celestial spheres
and cosmic time, poetically (and perhaps actually as well) close to the idea of cyclical nature and the eternal return, in any case something other than everyday time.
Called up to answer for his teachings on the eternity of the world, the souls of the celestial spheres
, the essential unity of the human mind and body, and on the merely possible immortality of the human soul, Cremonini refused to bring Aristotle into conformity with orthodoxy.
Fabricius consulted with the court painter Spranger on specific aspects of the decoration, including a depiction of the Ptolemean terrestrial and the Copernican celestial spheres
combined with a figure of Pegasus, symbol of virtue and support of artistic aspiration.