thurberi grow through the production of new stems, whereas Carnegiea gigantea produces a single stem with several branches.
In the long-lived columnar cacti, plants reproduce for the first time when individuals are 33 years old in Carnegiea gigantea (Steenbergh & Lowe, 1977), 70 years old in Cephalocereus columna-trajani (Zavala-Hurtado & Diaz-Solis, 1995), and more than 90 years old in Neobuxbaumia macrocephala (Esparza-Olguin et al.
1992), and the columnar cacti Carnegiea gigantea, Escontria chiotilla, Lophocereus schottii, Neobuxbaumia macrocephala, N.
These favorable conditions appear to be related to particular precipitation and temperature combinations for species such as Carnegiea gigantea, Echinocactus horizonthalonius, Ferocactus cylindraceus, Neobuxbaumia macrocephala, and Opuntia echios (Reid et al.
For instance, the Carnegiea gigantea and the Mammillaria magnimamma 3 populations (a columnar long-lived species and a globose shorter-lived species, respectively) are located at the far-right comer of the triangle, almost in the vortex, while those populations located closer to the center of the triangle include Escontria chiotilla 2, Coryphantha robbinsorum 1, Opuntia rastrera 1, and Mammillaria magnimamma 2, representing three different life-forms.
streptacantha Shade Flores & Yeaton, 2000 Table II Age or size at which first reproduction occurs in cacti with different life-forms Age Size Species (years) (meters) Source Columnar cacti Carnegiea gigantea 33 2.
Silvertown for allowing us to use the matrix they compiled for Carnegiea gigantea (used in Silvertown et al.
Environmental determinants of flowering date in the columnar cactus Carnegiea gigantea in the Sonoran Desert.
Effects of intraspecific crowding on water uptake, water storage, apical growth, and reproductive potential in the sahuaro cactus, Carnegiea gigantea.