As we shall see, a life lived according to the cardinal virtues
of moderation, justice, courage, and prudence is the best defense against the deceptive allure of consumerism.
In striving to become such a person, we should use the cardinal virtues
to set personal goals and we should then pursue them.
The four cardinal virtues
received the most attention: justice, prudence, courage, and temperance or self-restraint.
Faith, hope, and love may be the cardinal virtues
, and they may be the enduring message, but for me the over-riding theme of the Bible is blood and stone--the blood of sacrifice and the stone of redemption.
In the well-known 13th chapter of I Corinthians, Paul concludes by listing some of the cardinal virtues
of the tradition: "And now abideth faith, hope, charity, these three; but the greatest of these is charity.
It attempted to distill "explicitly civic virtues" out of the moral or ethical cardinal virtues
elaborated by classical writers (pp.
He treats here literature concerned with the four cardinal virtues
, fortitudo, justitia, prudentia, and temperantia, analysing the treatment of each in turn.
In studying the cardinal virtues
, an explicit preference is given to the nouvelle and to Montaigne.
Becker's discussion here is quite complicated, but the basic idea seems to be that as a child develops psychologically healthy agency s/he also becomes the sort of person who displays what we would recognize as the cardinal virtues
, so that when s/he has achieved the agency desired, s/he will as a matter of fact be exercising it in ways we would recognize as virtuous.
The three women shown in this small painting represent the Theological Virtues, so-called because they relate to God, in contrast to the Cardinal Virtues
(Prudence, Justice, Fortitude and Temperance) which relate to the earthly realm.
The theological virtues of faith, hope, and charity along with the natural virtues, and the cardinal virtues
are ordered to the ultimate end of the human (blessedness) and not just to natural ends of fulfillment.
The Stoic cardinal virtues
were meant to span the moral spectrum, and Smith's argument proceeded by analysing their relevance to commercial life.
Nor did the Greek moralists include it in any listings of the cardinal virtues
His collected works, published in 1544, include his poems, the Traite des quatre vertus cardinales apres Seneque ("Treatise on the Four Cardinal Virtues
After Seneca"), and a translation of Plato's Lysis.
In Black Mirror, the four cardinal virtues
of Socratic philosophy--justice, fortitude, prudence, and temperance (the principles on which Catholic martyr Thomas More had his Utopians found an ideal secular society)--are painted on four trompe l'oeil strips of wood.