Founded in 1635 by Cardinal Richelieu
, the chief minister to King Louis XIII, The AcadA[c]mie monitors use of the French language and safeguards it from foreign impurities and typically comprises literary figures, philosophers, historians, scientists, politicians, and even military and church officials.
Established in 1635 by Cardinal Richelieu
of French King Louis XIII, the French Academy plays a strong advisory role in representing the French language.
Eminence: Cardinal Richelieu
and the Rise of France
Conniving Cardinal Richelieu
(Christoph Waltz) dominates callow King Louis XIII (Freddie Fox), and the rogue's private guard has supplanted the loyal musketeers.
With the help of M'Lady (Milla Jovovich), D'Artagnan and the Musketeers learn of a plot by Cardinal Richelieu
to impugn the Duke of Buckingham (Orlando Bloom) by planting evidence to suggest that the nobleman has deflowered the Queen.
Unfortunately, Milady betrays them, as she's secretly in cahoots with Cardinal Richelieu
(Christoph Waltz, good but somewhat lazily cast as yet another smooth villain).
is the famed favourite of Louis III, essential to the construction of French absolutism during the later 1620s and 1630s.
The scientific interests of the stories' protagonists are shown to lie within cultural contexts that influence their attitudes towards the scientific thought and achievement (particularly in astronomy) of foreign lands, whether it be Ottoman Turkey, or France during the era of Cardinal Richelieu
Bergin's third book on the French church, if we discount his two books on Cardinal Richelieu
Even the treacherous scheming Cardinal Richelieu
while plotting nothing less than the cold-blooded murder of his enemies believes in his pious role as "God's representative.
Beam maintains throughout that the cultural shifts of the early seventeenth century resulted from diverse influences well established by the time Cardinal Richelieu
patronized theater after 1635.
He liked to cite the number of historical figures he had portrayed, including Andrew Jackson (The President's Lady, The Buccaneer); Moses (The Ten Commandments); El Cid; John the Baptist (The Greatest Story Ever Told); Michelangelo (The Agony and the Ecstasy); General Gordon (Khartoum); Marc Antony (Julius Caesar, Antony And Cleopatra); Cardinal Richelieu
(The Three Musketeers) and Henry VIII (The Prince And The Pauper).
However, his starting point is to establish the reputation which Ussher enjoyed at the end of his career, where his wide learning but also his moderate and agreeable personality earned him admirers from the likes of William Laud, Thomas Wentworth and Peter Heylyn, but more unexpectedly from a wider body of churchmen and statesmen including Cardinal Richelieu
, William Prynne and Oliver Cromwell.
The Triple Portrait of Cardinal Richelieu
from London (right) is one of many foreign loans.
In his Political Testament, Cardinal Richelieu
advised Louis XIII that to achieve greatness he must "ruin the Huguenot party, humble the pride of the nobles, and raise the name of the king among foreign nations by maintaining a powerful navy.