Perhaps not surprisingly, since it was painted about fifteen years after Caravaggio's death, the picture seems less an evocation of Caravaggism
than a conventional "academic" exercise of the period.
Manfredi perpetuated the theme of the thieving fortune-teller, but the story was changed by Simon Vouet, who later, having abandoned the Caravaggism
of his Roman period, became pre-eminent among the Parisian painters of his time, numbering Charles Lebrun and Pierre Mignard amidst his pupils.
And it was to Naples that Domenichino and Lanfranco were called to execute major fresco ensembles, and where Stanzione left behind his affinities with late Mannerism and aspects of Caravaggism
to take on the role of Guido Reni Napoletano.
A few of them, notwithstanding their slight allusions to a latent Caravaggism
, are strange fish indeed, such as Claude Vignon's exquisitely mannered Judith with the Head of Holofernes (c.
For another, Caravaggio's highly personal approach soon fell out of favor, although it remained popular with some connoisseurs and with certain younger painters, who, on returning to their native cities, disseminated Caravaggism
, with many permutations, throughout Northern Europe.