Marantaceae and Cannaceae
consistently have conspicuously asymmetric flowers with corolla, androecium and gynoecium involved, especially elaborate in Marantaceae (Kirchoff, 1983; Kress, 1990; Classen-Bockhoff & Heller, 2008).
The only larger clades with consistently or predominantly elaborate asymmetric flowers are Phaseoleae (Fabaceae) and Cannaceae
plus Marantaceae (Zingiberales).
Druse-like silica bodies characterize several other commelinid monocots, such as Arecaceae, Cannaceae
, Costaceae, Marantaceae, Musaceae, and Strelitziaceae, but in these families they occur in the bundle sheath cells adjacent to sclerenchyma, rather than in the epidermis, as in Dasypogonaceae.
(Prince, 2010); Costaceae (Specht et al.
15, Arecaceae (vessels throughout the plant, except in a few non-basal genera) is a sister family to Zingiberales (vessels in roots only except for Cannaceae
, Marantaceae) plus Commelinales (vessels various).
as 'ethylene sensitive' and Iridaceae, Liliaceae, Amaryllidaceae, Gentianaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Cannaceae