In addition, can we tell for sure that the Calixtus II
confirmation dated 1119 for Fontevraud is authentic?
Pope Calixtus II
had, in 1122, given the Venetians a papal banner, vexillum beati Petri, to carry in a crusade, so this was a well-chosen reference to convey Venice's desire for an optimal relationship with the new pope, Leo X, who had only two months earlier, on 19 March, been elected to the papal throne.
One was the slaughter of more than 5,000 members of the Jewish community of Europe That mistake was so serious that Pope Calixtus II
, in 1120, issued a papal bull titled Sicut Judaeis in which he forbade the mistreatment of Jews.
At the village's edge is the ruined Newton North Church, which found itself on a major pilgrim route after Pope Calixtus II
declared in the 13th century that two pilgrimages to St Davids were worth one to Rome.
Such was the case in 1124, when Pope Calixtus II
issued a bull in which he told the monks they did not have to pay the consuetudines that the counts of Blois, who had been the house's advocates in the middle of the eleventh century, had first demanded seventy-five years earlier.