kidney stone

(redirected from Calcium stones)
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  • noun

Synonyms for kidney stone

a calculus formed in the kidney

References in periodicals archive ?
A high animal protein intake causes a significant increase in the urinary excretion of calcium, oxalate, and uric add, 3 of the 6 main urinary risk factors for calcium stone formation.
Stone composition was defined as uric acid or calcium stones based on its predominance (>50%).
Unlike calcium stones, cystine stones tend to develop in younger children.
Uric acid has been found to worsen the incidence of calcium stone episodes in as many as 30 percent of patients with calcium stones.
Pathophysiology and Management of Calcium Stones Elaine M Worcester
Patients with recurrent calcium stones have a greater percentage of bone mineral density loss, (1) manifested primarily by increased fasting urinary calcium levels, (2) which is also a determinant of osteopenia.
As discussed previously, several mechanisms have been proposed for the formation of calcium stones.
Calcium stones can be caused by too much salt in your diet, which stimulates calcium excretion in the urine, according to Sur, who adds that reducing salt intake helps to prevent such stones.
Urocit-K is a slow release formulation of potassium citrate for treatment of kidney stones (nephrolithiasis) in patients with renal tubular acidosis (RTA) with calcium stones, hypocitraturic calcium oxalate stones of any etiology and uric acid lithiasis, with and without uric acid stones.
Another way a doctor may try to control hypercalciuria, and thus prevent calcium stones, is by prescribing certain diuretics, such as hydrochlorothiazide.
One, it might conceivably increase optimum availability of calcium for absorption; and, two, it might raise citrate in the urine and thereby reduce the risk for calcium stones.
Ingested animal protein generates an acid load increasing urinary calcium excretion and reducing the excretion of citrate, an inhibitor of calcium stones.
According to a report in the Global Arab Network, Chairman of Hama Antiquities Department Jamal Ramadan said in a statement that the excavation works led to the discovery of an old burial site built of calcium stones, including six tombs and 45 ceramic lamps.
UROCIT(R)-K, marketed by San Antonio-based Mission Pharmacal, is the only potassium citrate product approved for the treatment and prevention of common calcium stones and uric acid stones (kidney stones).