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All calcium stone formers should be counselled on dietary interventions to reduce stone recurrence or progression.
Although a number of authors have reported that the medical evaluation of all first-time calcium stone formers is useful, many of these studies have included patients who are at higher risk for recurrence.
Calcium stones are the most common and occur in two major forms: calcium phosphate and calcium oxalate.
Uric acid stone formers also had a significantly higher total points score when compared to calcium stone formers (188.
Unlike calcium stones, cystine stones tend to develop in younger children.
This short term study does not suggest that Cystone[R] affects those urinary chemistries commonly measured and known to influence calcium oxalate stone formation, nor does decrease renal calcium stone burden over a 1 year period.
Suggestive evidence for a susceptibility gene near the vitamin D receptor locus in idiopathic calcium stone formation.
Urine pH in renal calcium stone formers who do and do not increase stone phosphate content with time.
Urocit-K corrects the pH of the urine and elevates a naturally occurring urinary inhibitor of calcium stone formation (citrate).
Risk factors in calcium stone disease of the urinary tract.
In fact, the most common kidney stone is a calcium stone, which is composed primarily of calcium oxalate.
The author's experience from a 4-year follow-up of patients with residual calcium stone fragments ([less than or equal to] 4 mm) after ESWL as judged with kidney-ureter-bladder radiography, are shown in Table 1.
Calcium and phosphate metabolism: an overview in health and in calcium stone formers.