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  • noun

Synonyms for calcium

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In summary, a high-sodium intake increases the potential risk for kidney stone formation by elevating urinary saturation of calcium phosphate and monosodium rate, and decreasing the inhibitor activity against calcium oxalate crystallization by lowering the urinary citrate excretion.
The concentration of Zn, Mg and Mn in calcium oxalate monohydrate stones appears to interfere with their fragility in ESWL therapy.
A recent course of antibiotics or gastrointestinal infection may be associated with calcium oxalate stones because of a reduction in microorganisms that reduce uptake of oxalate.
Case 8 represents a patient with necrotizing Aspergillus niger pneumonia and lung infarction who was found at autopsy to have extensive deposition of brightly birefringent calcium oxalate crystals having diverse shapes, and focally aggregated into rosettes and wheat sheaflike structures (Figures 8 through 10).
Stones were either uric acid or calcium oxalate as predicted by supersaturation; however, there was a general lack of supersaturation for calcium phosphate, sodium, or ammonium acid urate because of the overall low urine pH.
Effect of potassium citrate therapy on stone recurrence and residual fragments after shockwave lithotripsy in lower caliceal calcium oxalate urolithiasis: a randomized controlled trial.
Other topics of the 19 contributions include calcium oxalate crystals in plants, CO2 concentrating mechanisms in algae, the molecular physiology of legume seed development, the evolution of flavors and scents, and the function of phytopathogenic bacterial type III effectors in plants.
It measures the calcium carbonate or calcium oxalate scaling potential of bleach plant process waters in as little as 15-30 minutes.
This is because calcium-rich foods bind to a substance called oxalate (found in some fruit and veg, such as rhubarb) in the gut and are excreted, rather than absorbed into the body where they might bind with calcium in the kidneys and form calcium oxalate stones.
AIT is possible that gravel could be caused by eating foods that are high in calcium oxalate which is found in rhubarb, spinach, gooseberries and chocolate.
Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) has long been implicated as a risk factor in the formation of calcium oxalate calculi.
In actual fact, the most usual kidney stone is a calcium stone, which is composed mainly of calcium oxalate.
1,2] It has been shown in numerous experimental studies that oxalate ions form oxidative stress either on their own or in the form of calcium oxalate (CaOx) crystals in the renal tubular cells leading to the formation of free oxygen radicals and reactive oxygen species (ROS) which causes either cell proliferation at lower concentrations or cell death.
It is estimated that 75% of all renal stones contain calcium oxalate, and without medical treatment, 50% of patients will form another stone within 10 years (1).