CD4 cell

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Related to CD4 cell: CD4 count
  • noun

Synonyms for CD4 cell

T cell with CD4 receptor that recognizes antigens on the surface of a virus-infected cell and secretes lymphokines that stimulate B cells and killer T cells

References in periodicals archive ?
And every 200-cell higher CD4 cell count-years (3) was linked to a 13% lower non-AIDS cancer risk.
People taking AZT (zidovudine, Retrovir and various generic versions) had significantly lower increases in CD4 cell counts 1 year and 5 years after initiating therapy, and were also more likely to remain severely immunosuppressed than individuals taking an alternative drug.
Based on a total of 15 cases, the researchers found that the cumulative incidence of CIN-2+ over 5 years of follow-up was 2 percent in HIV-infected women with CD4 cell count less than 350 cells/uL, 2 percent in those with CD4 cell count of 350 to 499 cells/uL, 6 percent in those women with CD4 cell count of 500 cells/uL or greater, and 5 percent in HIV-uninfected women.
The association of hepatic failure with recent CD4 cell level suggests that the risk for hepatic failure is at least partially immune related.
10 /PRNewswire/ -- A new study looking at the role probiotics may play in increasing CD4 cell count in people with HIV infection is underway at the AIDS Healthcare Foundation (AHF).
IL-2 induced a very considerable rise in CD4 cell count in both groups of patients, and yet there was no clinical benefit.
Though the exact action of IND- 02 is not clear, the molecule prevents replication of HIV by protecting a crucial defence protein called APOBEC3G ( apolipoprotein B mRNA editing enzyme, catalytic polypeptide- like 3G), produced by CD4 cells.
Between 15 to 38% of those infected with HIV in Europe do not present for testing until late in infection, when their CD4 cell counts are low, viral load high, and the immune system has been significantly compromised.
The factors that have predicted mortality in studies evaluating patients prior to initiation of ART include a low CD4 cell count, high HIV RNA, mild to severe anaemia, low body mass index, elevated aspartate aminotransferase (AST), a history of opportunistic infections, and depression.
Effects of HIV-1 serostatus, HIV-1 RNA concentration, and CD4 cell count on the incidence of malaria infection in a cohort of adults in rural Malawi.
Low CD4 cells in mums means greater risk of illness and death in their HIV-negative babies.
The analyses included 635 patients who had a baseline CD4 cell count on March 1, 2000, and at least one clinic visit or hospitalization later in the study period; half were followed up for at least seven months.
However, a recent retrospective review suggested that delaying HAART would, particularly in those with CD4 cell counts<100 cells x [10.
This does not happen with most viruses, because they do not infect the CD4 cell.
The CD4 cell is one of the body's main lines of defence against infectious diseases.