syndrome

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Related to Brown-Sequard syndrome: Cauda equina syndrome, central cord syndrome, autonomic dysreflexia, Anterior cord syndrome
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Brown-Sequard syndrome, first reported in 1849, is characterised by hemisection of the cord with disruption of the descending lateral corticospinal tracts resulting in ipsilateral hemiplegia, and damage of the ascending lateral spinothalamic tracts (which cross within one or two levels of the dorsal root entrance) resulting in contralateral loss of pain and temperature.
The most common cause of Brown-Sequard syndrome is penetrating trauma to the spinal cord, but it can also occur with blunt trauma, disc herniation, syringomyelia and spinal tumours.
Rare neurologic complications secondary to HZ include zoster myelitis, meningoencephalitis, Brown-Sequard syndrome, plexus neuritis, polyradiculitis, and segmentary zoster paresis (4-7).
Brown-Sequard syndrome is characterised by disruption of the descending lateral corticospinal tracts resulting in ipsilateral hemiplegia.