The study identified 22 species of Bromeliaceae
within the boundaries of the reserve (table 1), with one variety and two natural hybrids.
Despite several reports on biological activities of representatives of these chemical groups, no record of a pharmacological investigation of Bromeliaceae
species has been found.
Keywords: Animal-plant interactions, Bromeliaceae
, spider, specific association, submergence behavior, Phytotelmata
1998; Furness, 2008a Annonaceae Anaxagorea brevipes (a) Gabarayeva, 1995 Apocynaceae Vinca rosea (a) El-Ghazaly & Nilsson, 1991 Asteraceae Cosmos bipinnatus Blackmore & Barnes, 1985 Bromeliaceae
Aechmea dichlamydea var.
Taxonomic Considerations Correlated with the Bromeliaceae
of Perambuco and Alagoas.
Phytoliths in grasses are almost exclusively restricted to the epidermis, in common with most other Poales, including Bromeliaceae
and Cyperaceae, at least in subfamily Cyperoideae (Prychid et al.
In the Neotropics, the most important phytotelmata are Apiaceae, Araceae, Bromeliaceae
, Poaceae, Heliconiaceae, Marantaceae, Musaceae, Sarraceniaceae, Strelitziaceae and Zingiberaceae, including an uncompiled and probably long list of plant families providing fruits or fallen leaves.
The landscape is a mosaic of: (1) typical campos rupestres, which are areas of rocky outcrops with herbaceous vegetation and shrubs including Bromeliaceae
, Cactaceae, Velloziaceae, Orchidaceae, Asteraceae, and scattered trees up to 3 m in height, especially Eremanthus erythropappus; (2) open fields, composed predominantly of herbaceous species of Cyperaceae, Poaceae, and Eriocaulaceae, and small shrubs with an average height of 1 m; and (3) capoes de mata, which are small areas of dense forest-like vegetation associated with wetter areas, such as springs and small streams with trees up to 8 m in height and many epiphytic plants.
As a result of our explorations seeking Hechtia species to complete the monograph of Mexican Bromeliaceae
, we found this spectacular species in bloom.
In the case of Fabaceae, Poaceae, Bromeliaceae
and Solanaceae, the most studied families amongst Magnoliophyta, 74% have some human use (NGR), 9% are threatened and only 7% are considered useful and threatened.
Other plant families used by the TMPs were the Acathaceae, Arecaceae, Bromeliaceae
, Malvaceae, Polygonaceae, Rutaceae, and Verbenaceae families.
There are also families of vascular plants with epiphytic habits such as members of Polipodaceae, Asplaniaceae, Piperaceae, Cactaceae and Bromeliaceae
visco 1 Fabaceae Allophylus edulis 21 Sapindaceae Celtis spinosa 1 Celtidaceae Condalia buxifolia 3 Rhamnaceae Enterolobium contortisiliquum 1 Fabaceae Eugenia uniflora 1 Myrtaceae Gleditsia amorphoides 2 Fabaceae Nectandra pichurim 1 Lauraceae Pogonopus tubulosus 1 Rubiaceae Sambucus peruviana 2 Adoxaceae Scutia buxifolia 5 Rhamnaceae Sideroxylon obtusifolium 1 Sapotaceae Urera caracasana 2 Urticaceae Vassobia breviilora 1 Solanaceae Xylosma pubescens 1 Salicaceae Unidentified bromeliad 9 Bromeliaceae
Unidentified fern 1 Unidentified moss 2 Unidentified Myrtaceae 2 Myrtaceae Unidentified vine 4 Total 65 TABLE 2.
Botanical name Family Local name Part(s) used Ananas comosus Bromeliaceae
Anarosh Leaf (L.
Sepals and petals are contort in Bromeliaceae
(Eichler, 1875; Smith & Till, 1998) and Rapateaceae (Pilger, 1930).