The seeds of 14 durum advanced breeding lines along with three check cultivars including: a new released durum wheat variety (Saji), a commercial variety of durum wheat(Zardak) and one variety of bread wheat
(Sardari), were obtained from Dryland Agricultural Research Sub-Institute (Sararood station), Kermanshah, Iran.
Their approach was pioneered previously in barley, a simpler model crop for research in bread wheat
8220;With the draft gene sequence for each of the bread wheat
chromosome and the first reference sequence of chromosome 3B, we have reached a great milestone in our roadmap,” said Catherine Feuillet, IWGSC co-chair.
The findings push back the dates of the two crops' first appearance in Central Asia, suggesting that the herders transported bread wheat
from west to east and broomcorn millet from east to west.
A very small proportion of home-grown bread wheat
met the requirements of millers and more had to be imported, mainly from Germany.
SPELT Another old variety of bread wheat
with a sweeter flavor and somewhat softer texture than hard red.
This year, Macedonia will have no problems meeting demand taking into consideration the imported quantities of bread wheat
and flour in excess of 80,000 tons, the upcoming yield and the projected purchase of 150,000 tons.
Summary: CAIRO - Egypt may reach 'a higher level' of wheat self-sufficiency, growing 88 per cent of bread wheat
this year, Minister of Agriculture Ayman Abu Hadid has said.
We're disproving the fallacy that you can't raise bread wheat
here," Hunton said.
Algeria last week said it had bought almost a million tonnes of wheat, bringing its bread wheat
purchases to at least 1.
The genome sequences released are five-fold coverage of the reference bread wheat
variety Chinese Spring line 42.
GASC was also seeking cargoes of French milling wheat, Australian standard white wheat, Australian hard wheat, German milling wheat, Argentine bread wheat
and/or UK milling wheat (ukp or uks variety).
Although durum wheat is less salt tolerant than bread wheat
it attracts a premium price because of its superior pasta making qualities.
A minimum of 2 winter crop species that included bread wheat
(Triticum aestivum), durum wheat (Triticum turgidum), barley (Hordeum vulgare), triticale (X Triticosecale), oats (Avena sativa), chickpea (Cicer arietinum), faba bean (ViciaJitba), field pea (Allium cepa), lentil (Lens culinaris), lupins (Lupinus angustifolius), canola (Brassica napus), mustard (Brassica juncea), and safflower (Carthamus tinctorius) were used, and summer crop species including maize (Zea mays), sorghum (Sorghum bicolor), sesame (Sesamum indicum), millet (Pennisetum glaucum), and mungbean (Phaseolus mungo) were tested in 4 trials.
Examples of the three are bread wheat
, tobacco, and sugar beet; emmer wheat and cactus pear; and common walnut and sweet/wild cherry, wine grape and vine zoning, and apple and pear.