Like the post-World War II Bracero Program
, the Bush proposal calls for matching workers with employers and making workers' ability to remain in the country contingent upon having a job.
The bracero program
had particular importance for the government of Texas after 1943, when the Mexican government decided to exclude Texas from receiving agricultural workers under the program due to reports of rampant racial discrimination.
After 1964, when the Bracero Program
was discontinued, tens of thousands of agricultural jobs were still available to Mexicans, but they were no longer able to secure legal entry visas.
Growers warned that California's canned tomato industry would die and food prices would rise if the Bracero program
Craig, The Bracero Program
, Interest Groups and Foreign Policy (Austin, University of Texas Press, 1971); and Grossman, The Department of Labor, p.
government established the Bracero program
to replenish diminished labor supplies during World War II and to provide U.
Today, those braceros are waging a war of their own -- a legal battle to collect possibly as much as $1 billion that was withheld from an estimated 5 million Mexicans who worked in the bracero program
from 1942 until it was disbanded in 1964.
In the 1960s, when the Bracero program
was ended, tomato growers in California predicted a catastrophe and $5-per-pound prices.
She addresses not only their extraordinary burdens, but a full wallet of other imposing challenges and disappointments, including the fruitlessness of union activity in the canneries, the exploitation of Mexican-Americans farm workers in the bracero program
, and the decline of blue-collar employment in high-technology industry.
If Latin workers are needed, we can establish a bracero program
, register these workers, protect them under U.
In 1964, a twenty year bracero program
(Mexican Labour Program) with the United States ended.
A little-known chapter of American and Mexican history, the Bracero program
was originally created to fill labor shortages during World War II.
In addition to those protesting the illegal-immigration issue, a number of people who said they were part of the bracero program
marched to demand payments promised from the Mexican government.
In analyzing the bracero program
of 1917-1921 and current proposals for guest worker programs, three major themes emerge, the subordinate economic position of Mexico vis-a-vis the US in negotiating immigration agreements, the impact of economic expansion of the United States into Mexico as a prime driver of Mexican migration, and the neocolonial status of Mexico as a distinguishing factor in Mexican immigrant experiences within the United States.
1961 The Bracero Program
in California: With Particular Reference to Health Status, Attitudes, and Practices.