After learning the game age four, Karpov joined Mikhail Botvinnik's legendary chess school aged 12, and by 15 was tied with Boris Spassky
as the youngest ever Soviet grandmaster.
In what may easily be the most keenly awaited match in chess since the 1972 clash between the mercurial Bobby Fischer and the then world champion Boris Spassky
, Carlsen ( white) and Anand drew quickly in just 16 moves following a photographic repetition.
The Soviet's Boris Spassky
against America's Bobby Fischer.
In 1972, when Bobby Fischer and Boris Spassky
squared off in Reykjavik for the so-called Match of the Century, the Cold War analogy virtually wrote itself.
The thrilling tie-break was worthy of a tournament whose history also includes the historic 1972 clash in Reykjavik at the height of the Cold War between Bobby Fischer of the US and Soviet great Boris Spassky
The Spanish keeper, far too easily beaten by a shot so close to him, looked a major accomplice in a smash-and-grab act that came after the sides threatened to be involved in the biggest game of chess since Bobby Fischer met Boris Spassky
Garbus traces Fischer's humble beginnings, his rise to fame at age 14 after being crowned the youngest US champion, his legendary match with Soviet master Boris Spassky
in 1972, his gradual descent to paranoia, his sudden withdrawal from public life for 20 years and his reemergence in the early 1990s as an angry anti-Semite, a sentiment that later fed his anti-Americanism and subsequent exile.
AS a teenager, Bobby Fischer became one of the dominant forces in world chess, winning tournaments with dazzling skill that would eventually lead him to take the World Championship title from the Russian player Boris Spassky
His career culminated in 1972, when he defeated the Soviet champion Boris Spassky
in a match that was seen as a symbolic Cold War victory.
It was like a game of chess but, as anyone who watches a lot of chess knows, there's only so much of it you can watch before you wish Garry Kasparov would shove a rook up Boris Spassky
where the sun don't shine.
Fischer became a Cold War hero in the US after he defeated Russia's Boris Spassky
in a 1972 chess game.
However, Petrosian's closest challenger throughout the 1960s was Boris Spassky
, who would wrest the world title off Petrosian in 1969 after a close-fought match ended 121/2-101/2.
In 1972, at the age of 29, in Reykjavik, Iceland, Fischer defeated Boris Spassky
and became the first American-born player to become international champion.
Durante el ascenso del fascismo en Europa y hasta el final de la Guerra Fria, el juego fue censurado (esa censura "barbara" de la que habla Huizinga),pero tambien transfigurado en alegoria geopolitica (la celebre final del Campeonato Mundial de Ajedrez de 1972, entre Boris Spassky
y Bobby Fischer, encarno en mas de un sentido las tensiones entre Estados Unidos y la Union Sovietica).
El match entre el aspirante Bobby Fiscber y el campeon mundial Boris Spassky
fue un acontecimiento internacional cuya celebracion en Reikiavik, en la diminuta Islandia (hace ya 35 anos) fue de gran trascendencia para el mundo del ajedrez, no solo por el alto nivel de ambos jugadores sino por la parafemalia antes, durante y despues del match provocada no solo por la actitud de diva del aspirante Fischer, sino por el ambiente de confrontacion ideologica propiciada por la Guerra Fria.