Providence, Fate, and Chance: Boethian
Philosophy in The Lord of the Rings.
Appropriately, some of his most thoroughly marked texts are those that draw on the Boethian
themes expressed in the Consolation of Philosophy, which Boethius composed while in prison.
These details are important for, while the Boethian
persona does not aim at narcissistic autobiography, nevertheless a human being's nature always remains rooted in his body.
Both notions hold importance in early modern times, though the Boethian
notion is more prominent.
The De casibus virorum illustrium, probably composed in 1356-1361 (but possibly revised later), presents an ambivalent Fortuna, sometimes a malignant power who enjoys tossing the wretched, sometimes a fair minister of the Boethian
and Dantean kind.
The Dreame of Chaucer: Boethian
Consolation or Political Celebration?
The depth of Boethius's influence in European culture is made clear throughout the volume, with examples in all the essays and as a special focus in the chapters on De insitutione arithmetica, the legacy of Boethian
harmony, and the history of the Quadrivium.
Truly for Vitoria, what is at issue is nothing less than the integrity of human nature, a rational nature on account of which, as Thomas Aquinas had argued following the Boethian
tradition, each human enjoys personhood.
1) The idea of pure or absolute being itself (as unlashed from the existentia vehicle) has been traced back to Porphyry (Hadot 1963, Kobusch 1995) and, in the influential Boethian
distinction between quod est (that which is, i.
interpretations of Confederacy were called into question in 1995, when Carmine Palumbo published an interview with Professor Robert Byrne, the undisputed real-life model for many of Ignatius Reilly's mannerisms (Louisiana Folklore Miscellany 10: 59-77).
110] Alastair Minnis considers Chaucer in a tradition of medieval interpreters who adapt Boethian
sentiments to invigorate fictional characters.
36) Aventure in the sense of chance plays a part in such concerns because of its close association with medieval Boethian
notions of the mutability that governs earthly affairs.
Christine personifies the Aristotelian and Boethian
notion of unexpected causes and chance occurrences in the allegorical figure of Fortune.
But this does not mean anger dissipates, especially without the Boethian
consolation of a divine perspective.
Although the most telling difference between the fourteenthcentury anonymous poem Sir Orfeo and its Boethian
, Ovidian, and Virgilian sources is the "happy ending" that reunites Orfeo with Heurodis and returns them safely from the fairy world to their own kingdom, (1) other features in the medieval poem that emphasize psychological and political messages substantially revise the argument of the classical story.