These two models are thus considered the norm, and any other combination of biological sex
, gender, and sexuality is commonly considered unnatural or pathological (Mintz, & O'Neil, 1990; Newman, 2002; Schilt & Westbrook, 2009).
74) Courts have interpreted the word "sex" as narrowly as just biological sex
, (75) and as broadly as gender, (76) gender stereotypes and identity, (77) sexual imagery or epithets, (78) and sexual behavior.
Although one may be free to "gender bend," social life is predicated on the premise that the gender one presents to society is congruent with one's biological sex
and that one's identity as male or female also follows.
In the court ruling, Dale noted the difference between biological sex
and gender: The scientific consensus is that biological sex
is determined by several mostly physical factors including external genitalia, which hormones are prevalent and brain structure, while gender identity is the intrinsic sense of being male, female, or another gender.
The Minister of Statistics has written to the Chief Statistician making clear his expectation that work to include census questions on, not just biological sex
, but also sexual identity and sexual orientation will be a priority for the next national census in 2023.
At the same time, they recognized that students of the other biological sex
also had dignity, privacy, and safety concerns of their own.
The day a child is born with the biological sex
assigned because of the genitalia it is born with, society attributes gender-labelling the baby either a boy or a girl.
I do not believe that young children should be encouraged to self-select a 'gender' which may be different from their biological sex
LGBT employees would be asked to fill out a form that asks for their biological sex
, sexual orientation and gender identity.
However, your most recent news item and article on supposed discrimation by two states (North Carolina and Texas) against LGBT persons by requiring persons to use the public restroom that matches their biological sex
is extremely misguided.
Fine said: "The conclusion is the need to question the pervasive assumption that it is always biological sex
, via its direct action on the brain, that does the 'heavy lifting' when it comes to the gender traits we inherit and display.
Transgender people are those whose gender identity and expression--whether they feel like a man or woman and whether they look like one--are at odds with what we normally attach to their biological sex
As lawmakers this summer debate yet another controversial measure regulating bathroom use based on biological sex
, Texans with disabilities say they - like many transgender men and women - believe the Legislature is further complicating something that's already difficult to navigate.
He notes that "there is a proposition, derived basically from sociology, that biological sex
, gender identity, gender expression, and sexual preference vary independently.
Gender Identity: Identifying or presenting oneself as male, female or androgynous, regardless of one's biological sex