Bilevel positive airway pressure
, or BiPAP, is useful in patients who can't tolerate standard continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) because of expiratory discomfort.
Given our patient's progressive hypoxemia and respiratory insufficiency, we chose to proceed with endotracheal intubation and mechanical ventilation, although CPAP or bilevel positive airway pressure
(BiPAP) may offer an alternative to endotracheal intubation in select patients.
They cover techniques, clinical pattern recognition, continuous and bilevel positive airway pressure
titration, PSG changes, pediatric sleep medicine, and specialized techniques such as pulse transit time and peripheral arterial tonometry.
Of the 18 patients receiving "conventional treatment," 9 were using continuous positive airway pressure, 8 were using bilevel positive airway pressure
, and 1 was using a dental device.
He became progressively hypoxic, requiring supplemental oxygen, bilevel positive airway pressure
, and eventually intubation with mechanical ventilation.
These include: (a) CPAP - continuous positive airway pressure, (b) IPPB - intermittent positive pressure breathing, and (c) BiPAP - bilevel positive airway pressure
Table 29: Bilevel Positive Airway Pressure
Devices Market, Global, Overall Revenue ($ m), 2008 - 2015 79