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The findings point to the urgent need for improved prescribing practices, particularly for opioids -- which in all eight states were prescribed twice as often as stimulants or benzodiazepines.
The strength of association increased with longer exposure and with use of long-acting benzodiazepines rather than short-acting ones.
Benzodiazepines are prescribed to older adults primarily to treat anxiety and insomnia.
Considering the extent to which benzodiazepines are prescribed in the elderly population and the growing incidence of dementia, unwarranted chronic use of benzodiazepines in the elderly should be viewed as a public health issue," Sophie Billioti de Gage said at the annual congress of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology.
Opioids such as hydrocodone mixed with acetaminophen (Vicodin) are commonly prescribed for chronic pain, while benzodiazepines such as diazepam (Valium) are often prescribed for anxiety disorders or insomnia.
Before this research, by the way, we always knew that benzodiazepines impaired cognitive wellbeing, but thought it was transient and reversible.
Children are dosed with benzodiazepines based on weight and age (DiastatR) and if the study does not account for both of these factors the results are affected.
Dr Dublin and her research team hypothesized that the risk of pneumonia would be higher in people using opioids or benzodiazepines than in people not using these medications, and would be highest for opioids that suppress the immune system.
com)-- Alprazolam (Xanax) is a short-acting benzodiazepine commonly prescribed for treating panic disorder, anxiety and insomnia.
Given concerns about their side-effect profile (as well as tolerance and dependency), the use of high-potency benzodiazepines should generally be limited to short-term augmentation of antidepressant medication to rapidly stabilise PD symptoms.
DBI binds to the same spot to which benzodiazepines bind on benzodiazepine-responsive GABA receptors.
5 million people in Britain are believed to be taking the pills at any one time and around 9 million prescriptions were issued in England in 2011 for benzodiazepines which include diazepam and temazepam.
Washington, October 6 ( ANI ): Many people over 65 are prescribed benzodiazepines to treat the symptoms of anxiety and sleep disorders.
The development of other benzodiazepines soon followed.
They included drugs used in the UK, such as benzodiazepines, non-benzodiazepines, barbiturates and sedative antihistamines.