The Barthel Index was developed for measuring independence in activities of daily living of rehabilitation patients (Mahoney and Barthel 1965) and in this study showed a ceiling effect with approximately 20% of trial participants scoring 95 or 100 at hospital admission.
Measures that require patients to stand, eg, Functional reach (Duncan et al 1990), Berg Balance scale (Berg et al 1989), are likely to have a floor effect, and measures that do not contain items more difficult than those in the Barthel Index, eg, Functional Independence Measure (Keith et al 1987), are likely to show a ceiling effect.
Construct validity of the SPS was supported, with the Barthel Index being positively associated with SPS score (r = 0.
Older adults who sat with more of their body segments in neutral alignment would be expected to perform more activities of daily living (physical function), as reflected in the Barthel Index correlation.
Reliability of the Barthel Index
when used with older people.
Mahoney FI, Barthel D (1965): Functional evaluation: The Barthel Index
Improving the sensitivity of the Barthel Index
for stroke rehabilitation.
The main competitor to the FIM[R] has been the Barthel Index
scores were used to quantitatively evaluate level of physical functioning and disability in patients; a score of 100 points indicated no physical disability.
To compare the relative value of items developed through this process with another widely used weighted scale, the Barthel Index
(Mahoney and Barthel, 1965), we used seven of the items from the Barthel Index
that approximated those used in the current scale.
The Barthel Index
and prefracture or prestroke maximum walking distance score measure functional status.
The primary outcome analysis of this double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of 394 patients was improvement in the Barthel Index
, a 100 point rating scale of functional capabilities in neurological patients, at a time point three months after an ischemic stroke.
The severity of impairment related to amputation was assessed in terms of the Barthel Index
(BI); this is a clinical scale that evaluates independence in activities of daily living, ranging from 0 (completely dependent) to 100 (completely independent) .
The Barthel Index
(BI; King, Tsevat, & Roberts, 2009; Mahoney & Barthel, 1965) is the oldest point scale assessing patients' functional capacity.
The outcome measures was obtained using: Functional Ambulatory Category (FAC); Ashworth (sum of scores for hip, knee, and ankle), Rivermead mobility index (RMI), Motricity Index (MI), Trunk Control Test (TCT), Canadian Neurological Scale (CNS), Barthel index
(BI), Rankin Scale (RS), 6-minute walk test on a 20-m path (6mWT), and 10-m walk test at a self-selected speed (10MWT).