Conclusion: Rubber band ligation
was found to have better patient outcomes as compared to injections sclero-therapy in treatment of 2nd degree hemorrhoids.
Incidence and management of esophageal stricture formation, ulcer bleeding, perforation, and massive hematoma formation from sclerotherapy versus band ligation
Literature data suggest that endoscopic mechanical hemostatic methods including hemostatic clipping and band ligation
are more effective in achieving hemostasis when compared to injection or thermal methods, leading to less damage to the surrounding tissue ([25,43,56,57]), therefore mechanical therapy could be chosen as the first-line approach for the management of DL.
Endoscopic band ligations
were done in oesophageal variceal patients who were successfully managed, while 5(20%) patients required portosystemic shunt surgeries.
Methods: All patients who had under gone Esophageal Variceal Band Ligation
(EVBL) were included in the study.
We included consecutive 113 patients, admitted to this department and underwent endoscopic band ligation
for oesophageal varices.
According to Bayer  Rubber Band Ligation
is a safe, cheap and convenient method and can save hundreds of hospitalization days.
SSBT insertion was used in 3 patients, and endoscopic variceal band ligation
(EVBL) was performed in 4 of the older patients.
In particular its use for awake endotracheal intubation (2) and oesophageal intubation for endoscopic band ligation
has been reported (3).
A study by Longacre, Imaeda, Garcia-Tsao, and Fraenkel (2008) found patients preferred endoscopic esophageal band ligation
treatment over the non-invasive NSBB treatments due to these side effects.
Endoscopic band ligation
of oesophageal varices has been developed and adapted for use with the flexible endoscope.
Objectives: To assess symptomatic relief in haemorrhoidal disease using rubber band ligation
Therapeutic endoscopic procedures: Self-expandable metallic stents and endoscopic band ligation
have been studied minimally.
Of nonoperative techniques, rubber band ligation
produces the lowest rate of recurrence (SOR: A, systematic reviews).
Variceal band ligation
is as effective as injection sclerotherapy and is the endoscopic intervention of choice both for acute variceal bleeding and long-term variceal eradication therapy.