The study of axial stress
contour in concrete at the mid-height for the columns shows that the strongest constraint zone is at the corner of the columns section and the weakest constraint appears at the middle of the sides.
66), distribution of uniform axial stress
based on Eqs.
The figures give the axial stress
versus the axial strains for the specimens with zero, one, and two layers.
1] production process, besides the axial stress
, the polymer melt was also under the action of the hoop stress, so the resultant force was not axially oriented, bringing changes to the orientation direction of the molecular chains, and achieving the multiaxial orientation in the PE pipe.
Linear Elastic Solution of Infinitesimal Fiber Segment under Axial Stress
and Internal Pressure
The distribution of effective axial stress
This cracking typically has occurred at high axial stress
locations due to overbends and sagbends or other circumferentially-oriented stress raisers.
In the above equation, the first term account for the elastic response of the constant axial stress
Due to these differences, contact pressure (-es) between layers occur in the cylindrical MB's [14-15] which changes the stress state and the values of axial stress
[14-15], stiffness and strength.
Figure 2a shows the evolution of true axial stress
The results show ratcheting strain and its rate rise with the increase of the axial stress
and shear strain amplitude for polymer materials.
The analysis of the derived equations demonstrated that in certain cases, radial and circular stresses may form a significant part of axial stress
Consistently with the temperature effect on [epsilon] TRANS, it is noteworthy to remark that the deformation temperature has a larger effect on axial stress
in the case of the LTG resin rather than for HTG resin.
4, true axial stress
and void volume fraction are plotted versus true axial strain.
The ratchetting rate of PTFE is a function of applied axial stress
, stress range, and stress rate, which can be expressed as the following formula: