A skull of Australopithecus africanus
found in South Africa was used to rebuild a face of an ancestor who lived around two million years ago, known as Plesianthropus transvaalensis.
The new species still is similar to other austrelopiths by virtue of its small body size and longer upper limbs with large joint surfaces, among other things, indicate paleoanthropoiogists, who believe the discovery marks a new link between the traits of the more rugged Australopithecus africanus
that was present 1,000,000 years earlier and the later taxon Homo habilis that eventually evolved into Homo erectus.
At Taung, where Australopithecus africanus
was first discovered, a wealth of primate fossils is preserved that bear on the reconstruction of paleoecology at this Plio-Pleistocene sites.
Ples," an Australopithecus africanus
skull that is about 2.
5 million years ago and contains a great diversity of fauna including many examples of the early hominid species Australopithecus africanus
Fossil hand bones of Australopithecus africanus
, dating to as early as 2.
COLLEGE STATION, Texas, April 11, 2013 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Close examination of the lower jawbone, teeth and skeleton of the hominid species Australopithecus sediba proves conclusively that it is uniquely different from a closely related species, Australopithecus africanus
, according to a series of papers authored by a scientific team that includes several Texas A&M University researchers.
The record has shown that eight distinct species emerged from one hominin species, Australopithecus africanus
, alive 2.
sediba most closely to Australopithecus africanus
, another southern African hominid that lived from around 3.
Researchers from the University of Colorado Boulder, which studied teeth from a group of extinct Australopithecus africanus
and Paranthropus robustus individuals from two adjacent cave systems in South Africa, found more than half of the female teeth were from outside the local area.
Others regard the Malapa fossils either as an early Homo species or as late-surviving members of Australopithecus africanus
, a dead-end hominid species that lived from about 3 million to 2.
sediba is a good candidate for being the transitional species between the southern African hominin, Australopithecus africanus
, and early Homo species - either the earlier Homo habilis or even a direct ancestor of the more recent Homo erectus.
8 million years ago and eight members of Australopithecus africanus
dated at 2.
8 million-year-old vertebrae of Australopithecus africanus
recovered in South Africa has revealed signs of a bacterial infection, which means it is the world's earliest human infection.
De Ruiter suspects that an isolated population of the hominid species Australopithecus africanus
gradually evolved into A.