Simultaneous recording of 2 episodes by EEG, videography, electromyography, and electrocardiography documented that the nodding episodes are manifestations of atonic seizures
Results showed that the patients who were administered rufinamide experienced a significant reduction in tonic and atonic seizure
frequency (change in seizure frequency; rufinamide arm: -24.
Anterior corpus callosotomy in multistep invasive monitoring and surgery for atonic seizures
are characterized by sudden loss of postural muscle tone lasting 1-2 seconds.
According to Devinksy, GLS patients also saw a very favorable response for atonic seizures
, which is one of the most common types in that syndrome, with a median reduction of 71 percent.
One type, generalized seizures, includes generalized tonic-clonic seizures (formerly called "grand mal" seizures), tonic seizures, atonic seizures
, or absence seizures (formerly called "petit mal" seizures).
A confirmed case was defined as a probable case with a documented nodding episode that was either observed and recorded by a trained health-care worker, videotaped, or documented with video electroencephalography or electromyography as atonic seizures
The most common seizure types associated with LGS, tonic and atonic seizures
, lead to the frequent falls due to sudden loss of consciousness.
generalised seizures including tonic, clonic, tonic-clonic, absence, myoclonic and atonic seizures
and infantile spasms
But, most commonly, Tom suffers atonic seizures
, where he just falls to the ground because every muscle in his body relaxes.