The core of the group--Glackens, Rockwell Kent, George Bellows, Maurice Prendergast, and his brother Charles--had been associated with the Eight, aka the Ashcan School
Ironically, the pleasant tone of paintings such as Traveling Carnival, Santa Fe brought Sloan derision from critics, accustomed to his gritty New York works produced as a member of The Eight and The Ashcan School
Henri was a founding member of the anti-Academic group of artists "The Eight," a guiding spirit of the Ashcan School
, and an important teacher to George Bellows, Rockwell Kent and Edward Hopper.
Many of the early 'motion photographers' were actually artists or photographers who worked at newspapers and were heavily influenced by the painters of that period, including Impressionistic, Realistic, and even the new-style American Ashcan School
that focused on urban subject matter and the ways," she says.
Designed to "enlighten and entertain as well as inform," the volume includes brief entries on AARP, Abbott and Costello, the Afghanistan War, AIDS, Woody Allen, the ACLU, "Amos and Andy," Maya Angelou, the Ashcan School
, Arthur Ashe, Fred Astaire, and the atomic bomb.
The contributions to The Urban Lifeworld: Formation, Perception, Representation range from a philosophical discourse on the nature of the lifeworld, via a discussion of musical theatre, an outline of the planning process in Copenhagen, to a discourse on the contradictory phenomenology of New York, from an essay on the Ashcan school
of artists to an analysis of the work of Steen Eiler Rasmussen.
Artists of the Ashcan School
attacked social themes, while others pursued trompe l'oeil (``fool the eye'') effects that challenged the viewer to break the picture plane.
Paintings by John Sloan of the Ashcan school
provide an added bonus that enables the reader to contrast Sloan's portrait of the prostitute in 1908 with a book illustration, shown earlier, of "A Street-Girl's End" (1872).
They were branded by their conservative critics as "The Apostles of Ugliness" from the the Ashcan School
The images of that period--what have become known as "neighborhood pictures"--were by and large products of a homegrown Ashcan School
ethos, depicting the life of the Bay Area streets as Johanson experienced it on ground level: the hunched bums, junkies, commuters, and random pedestrians traveling the blocks in isolation, encountering outbursts of conviviality and violence, dogged at all times by their own mental demons.
It would later grow into the Ashcan School
, a term coined in 1916 for a loose association of artists, including Bellows, who rejected American Impressionism to document, as might a journalist, daily life in New York's poorer neighbourhoods.
Evolving from this show, the group picked up another name, The Ashcan School
, a reference to the dark palettes and overall somber tone of much of the presented work.
The subject, a pair of canny alley cats, warily apart on a wet pavement, acknowledges the influence of Henri's own approach, as the leader of the Ashcan School
Among the biggest surprises was the sale of two paintings by the Ashcan School
artist George Wesley Bellows, "The Knock Out" and "Kids", that fetched USD 5 million and USD 6.
The Eight, later to be called the Ashcan School
, included Robert Henri, John Sloan, William J.