There are other fairy-tale wizards in Roverandom as well: Artaxerxes
the wandering wizard, and Psamathos the sand-sorcerer, who are both irascible old men.
Theater airs and popular ballads, by Bishop and others, including Thomas Arne's "The Soldier Tired of War's Alarms" from Artaxerxes
(New York edition).
Like Dionysius, Artaxerxes
opposes his love for Callirhoe, like him in the name of ethical principles, namely [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] (shame) and the force of the laws, and like him in vain.
Further, she infers from the bulk of her comparative sources that Jews in Babylon probably initiated the request which Artaxerxes
Zeus initially gave Kore to Hades but was forced to acknowledge Demeter's power; like Zeus, Chariton's Artaxerxes
gives Callirhoe to Dionysios (7.
Curiously, although the various authors frequently refer to the fact that we depend overwhelmingly on summaries and paraphrases by various authors for our knowledge of Ctesias' works, only the paper of Carsten Binder directly addresses this issue, arguing that Plutarch made far less use of the Persika in composing his life of Artaxerxes
than scholars have believed.
The unifying theme of this book is the use and justification of torture as an instrument of imperial control, and Lincoln bookends his argument with two shocking descriptions, the first Achaemenid: According to Ctesias (in Plutarch Artaxerxes
A trial record (BE 9 24) from the reign of Artaxerxes
illustrates the court's desire to have one or the other:
Discussing the revolt of Abdashtart I against Artaxerxes
III, this author states: "He had neglected the treaty of alliance (with the Persians), becoming an ally of the king of Egypt" (foedus neglexerat AEgypti regis societate).
He cites as evidence the relief from taxes that Artaxerxes
provided temple personnel (Ezra 7:24), but relief from taxes and corvee labor was also granted to the people of Babylon (Cyrus Cylinder; ANET, 316) as well as to the priests of Apollo (Gadatas Letter; Fried 2004: 108-19), and does not indicate a unique affinity with the Jews.
The more secular aspect, a pleasure garden, was noted by the Achaemenian monarch Artaxerxes
II Mnemon (404-359 B.
Chapter 3 is a study of the Persepolis terrace and Darius I's grand plan for construction of a massive palatial complex, an undertaking that began during his reign and continued through those of his son and grandson Xerxes and Artaxerxes
1, dated to year 14 of Artaxerxes
(Kraeling 1953; Porten and Yardeni 1986-93, 2: 58-59, with foldout 13), lunar 20 Sivan is equated with Egyptian 25 Phamenoth.
Robert's interpretation that the original statue was of Ahura-Mazda and served to substantiate the introduction of cult statues by Artaxerxes
II, as maintained by Berossus.
Descat study a border official's log book written in Demotic, which details the entry and departure to and from Egypt of forty-two ships during the eleventh year of an unnamed Achaemenid king, most probably Artaxerxes