The first Argument from the Sciences, like the "more accurate" Argument from Relatives, is a valid argument for paradigmatic universals on Fine's view; but, she claims, only the latter is a valid argument for perfect paradigms, and this is required on her interpretation to distinguish Platonic forms from Aristotelian universals (pp.
Neither Aristotle nor Alexander tells us how many "more accurate" arguments there are; and the arguments concerning first principles are presented immediately after the "more accurate" Argument from Relatives and the Argument introducing the Third Man.
For Stove's argument relies upon an ambiguity which, once resolved, prevents his argument from going through.
Stove mounts his attack on Hume's argument by discussing an inductive argument from
For what criticism are we to make of the inductive junky who knows nothing of the risks of catching AIDS from needle sharing, if they insist that they have a rational argument from true premises for their conclusion that they are at no risk of catching AIDS from sharing needles?
Stove can call the argument from p and r to q irrational.
The circumstantial ad hominem argument is a subspecies of a more general form of argument called argument from commitment.
Argument from commitment has the following form (Walton, 1996, p.
So we see that argument from commitment is defeasible.
Against Plantinga's famous response to the atheological argument from
evil, for example, Gale argues that if, as Plantinga claims, God is the creator of human beings and has middle knowledge (that is, if God knows what every possible created person would do in every situation in which that person could possibly perform some action), then God has a "freedom-cancelling control over created persons" (p.
Over the long run, however, the argument from nature is a trap.
In our "biological century," we are going to be confronted again and again with both the argument from nature and the claims of disease.