He argues that, 'the standard version of the argument from
concept possession is vulnerable to the traditional counterexamples to empiricism' (72).
Actually Johnson borrowed that argument from
Harry Truman, who saw a communist Korea as a dagger aimed at the heart of Japan.
One might call this the argument from
personal blindness: "I see no difference between men and animals, and will govern myself accordingly.
Royalist defenders of absolute sovereignty (including James I in The Trew Law of Free Monarchies) also used the argument from
conquest (or coercion) but even here consent entered in to ratify the conqueror's rule.
Bork writes that "the argument from
design is now bolstered by the findings of physics concerning the Big Bang.