In a paper on "Women and the Arahant
Issue in Early Pali Literature," however, Ellison Banks Findly (76) argues that women "were not granted arahant
status by virtue of the prevailing social standards.
Therefore the ultimate purpose of Buddhism is to produce an individual who is free from the emotional experience of"self" within, an Arahant
, the worthy one.
Nibbana is also presented in the concluding verses as the ultimate outcome of meritorious activity motivated by faith, including worshipping Buddhas, Paccekabuddhas, arahants
, and venerable people.
22) "Escape" and "withdraw" connote freedom from the cycle of rebirth and from the law of karma (the arahant
generates no new punna/papa and after death experiences no vipaka).
I recollect that thirty-one aeons [ago] the Tathagata Sikhin, (43) an arahant
, fully awakened, had appeared in the world.
Charisma, Power(s), and the Arahant
Ideal in Burmese-Myanmar Buddhism.
Because, Vasettha, anyone from the four castes who becomes a monk, an Arahant
who has destroyed the corruptions, who has lived the life, done what had to be done, laid down the burden, reached the highest goal, destroyed the fetter of becoming, and become emancipated through super-knowledge--he is proclaimed supreme by virtue of the Dhamma and not of non-Dhamma.
Nevertheless, even in the case of outstanding mae chis the fact that they are not fully ordained has its impact: Seeger ("Reversal" 18f) reports that to accord arahant
status to a highly accomplished mae chi can be problematic, because of "the Thai belief that the status of someone not properly ordained would be 'too weak'" to continue living as an arahant
A telling case for the importance of taking into account all relevant texts can be found in another narration related to the same topic of sexual intercourse, namely the tale of an arahant
monk being accused by a nun of having had sex with her.
This seems anomalous in that an arahant
is supposed to have gone beyond punna (13) and the mechanics of the law of kamma.
Ideal in Early Buddhism--The Case of Bakkula," The Indian International Journal of Buddhist Studies 8 (2007), 1-24.
According to the commentarial explanation, at the time of this encounter Nandaka was already an arahant
Ananda, it is not possible for a person [endowed] with a vision of the truth to intentionally kill his father or mother, kill an arahant
, cause a schism in the community or, out of an evil mental disposition towards the Buddha, cause the Tathagata's blood to flow.
The final article in this trilogy will examine mental purity as the source of ethical conduct, an examination based on the description of the six-fold purity of an arahant
given in the Chabbisodhana-sutta of the Majjhima-nikaya and its Madhyama-agama parallel.
Though these two discourses agree in content, they differ in their concluding narration, as according to the Samyutta-nikaya account Kasibharadvaja only took refuge and declared himself to be a lay follower, while according to the Sutta-nipata version he requested ordination and became an arahant