transfer RNA

(redirected from Anti-codon)
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  • noun

Synonyms for transfer RNA

RNA molecules present in the cell (in at least 20 varieties, each variety capable of combining with a specific amino acid) that attach the correct amino acid to the protein chain that is being synthesized at the ribosome of the cell (according to directions coded in the mRNA)

References in periodicals archive ?
For example, an anti-codon made from three adenine bases (AAA) links up with the amino acid phenylalanine.
Moreover, anti-codons show a stronger affinity for the amino acids they link up with in living systems than for other amino acids -- an affinity sometimes 10 or 20 times greater.
Since 1971, James Lacey and his colleagues at the University of Alabama at Birmingham have been acquiring somewhat different but related chemical evidence linking anti-codons and amino acids to the development of the genetic code and to protein synthesis.