tRNA

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  • noun

Synonyms for tRNA

RNA molecules present in the cell (in at least 20 varieties, each variety capable of combining with a specific amino acid) that attach the correct amino acid to the protein chain that is being synthesized at the ribosome of the cell (according to directions coded in the mRNA)

References in periodicals archive ?
EVALUATING THE INTERACTIONS BETWEEN AMINOACYL-tRNA SYNTHETASES AND ELONGATION FACTOR TU IN PROTEIN SYNTHESIS
This bias exists among the 61 amino acid codons found in mRNA molecules, and the levels of aminoacyl-tRNAs seem to correlate with the frequency of codon usage [3,4].
Rodriguez performed many laborious experiments in which she removed portions of the aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase that interact with the anticodon stem of the transfer RNA, far from the part of the enzyme that binds the amino acid.
24)] Miscellaneous Aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase autoantibodies [Park et al.
In the GTP-bound form of the molecule, EF-Tu binds tightly to aminoacyl-tRNA, forming a ternary complex that interacts with the ribosomal acceptor site.
Antibacterial activity will be achieved through inhibition of essential aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases (RS).
Stimulatory effect of genistein and daidzein on protein synthesis in osteoblastic MC3T3-E1 cells: activation of aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase.
Recent study results have suggested that Hcy-induced vascular damage could be a result of Hcy-thiolactone (HcyT), an Hcy-reactive product formed in several cell types as a result of editing reactions of some aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase (5, 6).
11:00 Size Identification of Aminoacyl-tRNA Synthetases from Plants
In these 36 reports, contributors describe their most recent research in aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases, the point in gene expression in which the genetic code is first defined.
HARS is part of the ancient gene family of aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases (aaRS), which has been known for decades to function intracellularly in protein synthesis.
The existence of a complex of aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases in plants is still in question.
Translational accuracy of aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases: implications for atherosclerosis.
While the anti-fungal effect of the LeuRS protein inhibition by boron-containing compounds has been established by the clinical results seen for AN2690, other proteins from the same family, known as aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases, are well-validated targets for antibiotic drug development.