Nearly all other South American cichlids
have a colour pattern consisting of vertical bars at some or all life stages, usually about eight.
The reproductive biology and growth of the Central American cichlid
Cichlasoma urophthalmus (Gunther).
Though diverse, the group of some 600 South and Central American cichlid
species is also little known.
Also, we have built a family tree of all South American cichlids
, including the Mazarunia mazarunii we eventually collected.