In his book, A History of Medieval Spain, published in 1975, Joseph O'Callaghan, the American professor of medieval history, refers to the 11th century Almoravid
control of Spain as the "golden age" for the Iberian Peninsula.
In addition to the welcome of the population, the Almoravids were often aided by local agents.
It was clear to Abu Bakr that to recapture the status his family had lost when the ta'ifa of Seville was conquered by the Almoravids, he would have to obtain the knowledge valued under the new regime--knowledge of religious sciences and especially fiqh--in order to raise himself and his family from poverty and obscurity.
Results of 94% gold from the crucible suggests some Tadmekka gold may also have corresponded with Almoravid
coins (average 94%: Roux & Guerra 2000).
Leblouh is a negative phenomenon that has invaded our country since the era of Almoravids
As every good thing has an end, the power of the Almoravids declined and in 1189 they were overthrown by another black African Islamic group calling themselves the Almohads, whose leader was also a reformer and military genius, Yakub Al-Mansur.
Like the Almoravids, the Almohads also hailed from the western part of Africa.
Notwithstanding his checkered life, which was typical of thinkers in medieval times, and giving credit to the Almoravids whose leaders "based their legitimacy on religious observance and were therefore hostile to philosophy and other disciplines that could challenge their concept of orthodoxy", Ibn Bajjah found solace in their court bon in al-Andalus as well as North Africa.
The Almoravids in particular believed that Al Andalus was the perfect crucible for the development of fresh ideas, which was why Ibn Bajjah and others were encouraged to proceed with their work.
Ibn Barrajan's summons and death took place against a background of political, economic, and military crisis in al-Andalus caused by the Christian advance onto the peninsula and accentuating the decline of the Almoravids
during the first half of the sixth/twelfth century.
These tomb-stones, which date from the 12th century AD, would appear to have been produced by the Northern Almoravids
, who had conquered Spain in 1090-1091 AD.
The dromedary remains from the Caliphate period refute the long-held notion that dromedaries arrived in Iberia with the Almoravids
and Almohads, and support Zeuner's (1963: 358) statement, 'The Mahometans took the dromedary to Spain in AD 1019.
Ibn Rushd's father, Abdul Qasim Ahmad, although not as well recognised as his grandfather, held the same position until the Almoravids
were ousted by the Almohad dynasty in 1146.
Dierk Lange's article on the Almoravids
and the Islamization of West African states traces the advance of Berber forces into Ghana, Gawgaw (Gao), and Kanem during the eleventh century, replacing the indigenous dynasties there with Muslim regimes.
Although the Almoravids
did not construct such towers, the Almohads conceived of them as "architectural statements .