At present, the study revolves around the Algonquian language
and its dialects of Cree, Ojibway, Oji-Cree and Michif, since these are spoken by most Aboriginal people in Manitoba.
Subarctic Algonquian languages
, in Helm (1981): 52-66.
James Evans--an English-born immigrant-turned-missionary--inaugurated Canadian type design by developing an indigenous syllabic script for two closely related Algonquian languages, Ojibwa and Cree.
Athapaskan languages have a more elaborate array of consonants and vowels than Algonquian languages and cannot be unambiguously written without a larger set of symbols.
Nominal obviation has a more limited distribution, and is best known from the Algonquian languages.
Algonquian languages also have systems of nominal OBVIATION, which are closely related to the choice of direct/inverse (Aissen 1997; Klaiman 1991; Dahlstrom 1986; among others).
In Algonquian languages, verb stems are split into four classes according to the valence and semantic class (gender) of arguments: (9) Intransitive Inanimate (II; intransitive verbs with an inanimate subject), Intransitive Animate (IA; intransitive verbs with an animate subject), Transitive Inanimate (TI; transitive verbs with an inanimate object), Transitive Animate (TA; transitive verbs with an animate object).
It should be noted that the use of full NPs would not resolve the ambiguity, since Cree (and Algonquian languages in general) does not have a fixed word order or a system of case marking for core arguments.
The Illinois peoples spoke dialects of Miami-Illinois, one of the many Algonquian languages spoken over a vast region of northeastern North America by dozens of Native nations.
The missionaries relied on their knowledge of the structure of other Algonquian languages to ease their acquisition of Miami-Illinois.
Allouez employed the French Dieu, while Le Boullenger used kichemanet8a, or "great spirit," the term most commonly associated with God in Algonquian languages.