1956: Albert Sabin
discovered the oral polio vaccine.
Contributions to the March of Dimes financed Jonas Salk, Albert Sabin
and the other researchers who developed the polio vaccines that children around the world receive today.
Today the live attenuated vaccine produced by Albert Sabin
is the one in common use, with the advantage that it can be given by mouth.
Stringer, Department of Molecular Genetics, Biochemistry, and Microbiology, College of Medicine, University of Cincinnati, ML 524 231 Albert Sabin
Way, Cincinnati, OH 45267, USA; email: stringjr@ucmail.
There is no "cure," but with the 1955 vaccine created by Jonas Salk and the 1962 vaccine from Albert Sabin
, polio occurring through natural infection was eliminated from the United States by 1979, and from the Western Hemisphere by 1991.
He describes the wartime governmental campaigns to protect children against the ravages of typhoid fever, diphtheria, and yellow fever and explains the legendary rivalry between Jonas Salk and Albert Sabin
and their respective polio vaccines.
Pero la introduccion en 1955 de la vacuna inyectable descubierta por Jonas Salk, y en 1961 la de una vacuna oral perfeccionada por Albert Sabin
, hicieron posible finalmente la erradicacion del virus poliomielitico en el Hemisferio Occidental.
Should they be working on live viruses, as proposed by Albert Sabin
, or killed ones?
Over the objections of critics including Enders and vaccine rival Albert Sabin
, Salk and the March of Dimes launched what was then the largest field trial ever attempted.
Luiz Sena Azul, a paediatrician at the Albert Sabin
maternity hospital in Salvador, Brazil, said: 'Ademilton can truly be considered a giant baby.
Elder, MD, MSPH, Associate Professor, Department of Family Medicine, University of Cincinnati, PO Box 670582, Eden Avenue and Albert Sabin
Way, Cincinnati, OH 45267-0582.
, has been used for nearly 40 years and has played a huge role in the elimination of polio.
Then, too, Porter recounts the story of the conflict between Jonas Salk and Albert Sabin
over how best to fight polio, but he leaves it dangling and incomplete (695-96).
Less well known but likewise important at this stage, Salk's competitor Albert Sabin
developed an oral vaccine that was introduced in 1961.
In his very moving history of the development of the oral vaccine against poliomyelitis, Albert Sabin
gave a graphic description of the thirty years of research that were needed to develop his highly effective vaccine.