3] can be reliably reconstructed to Proto-Semitic since similar forms are attested in other Afroasiatic languages, such as Egyptian swtwt 'Spazierweg' (EG 4.
This root type is attested in all of the Semitic languages and also occurs in other Afroasiatic languages, such as Egyptian (Gardiner 1957(3): [section]274; Edel 1955: [section][section]429-39; cf.
It is true that he uses 'Semite' in its broadest sense to mean all speakers of Semitic languages, and at times, even all the Afroasiatic language
Gehman and inserted in Barton's book exhibiting a comparative table of verb forms in all Afroasiatic languages, one finds the following verbal prefixes in Hausa (1, 2, 3 = first, second, third person; m, f = masculine, feminine; s.
One wonders whether there are many more than a hundred Egyptian words whose genetic connection with words in other Afroasiatic languages most would consider certain.
As regards (1), the genetic connection between Egyptian and other Afroasiatic languages is generally considered certain.
After all, almost everyone accepts that Egyptian is related to the other Afroasiatic languages on the basis of a small amount of evidence.
number well into the hundreds, but reference grammars about them are few.
Behnstedt and Woidich are to be congratulated for producing this outstanding compendium that will surely be the standard by which one comes to measure future dialectological works for the Semitic and Afroasiatic languages
Macdonald ("New Thoughts on a Biliteral Origin for the Semitic Verb," Annual of the Leeds University Oriental Society 5 [1963-1965]: 63-85) and Christopher Ehret ("The Origins of the Third Consonants in Semitic Roots," Journal of Afroasiatic Languages
1 : 109-202).
1] Although it deals with Semitic and to a much lesser extent with other Afroasiatic languages, and only occasionally with other language families like Romance and Bantu, it is of interest to all scholars of comparative and historical linguistics since it discusses basic problems like language change, prehistorical reconstruction, etc.
This situation is deplorable since Afroasiatic languages offer some unique opportunities in this regard, e.
Few linguists will agree that "the circumstance that all Afroasiatic languages exhibit a grammatical gender distinction (be it morphologically through the feminine suffix -a(t), or tonologically as in some Cushitic languages (Somali inan 'young man" vs.
76-85) a few recent attempts at classifying Afroasiatic languages.
As a result, Amharic has acquired considerable lexical and grammatical similarity with these other Afroasiatic languages
, but shows surprisingly little of the grammatical regularization and thorough paradigm leveling often associated with extensive use as a second language - though, as in other Ethiopian Semitic languages, some Semitic features are leveled, including broken plurals and gender distinction in the plural verb.