For instance, slang could be contrasted with colloquialism, non-standard language, vulgarism, taboo, euphemism, jargon, idiom, neologism or dialect, while African American could be compared to African American Vernacular
English, Afro-American Vernacular English, Black English Vernacular, Ebonics or Gangsta Talk.
While the use of African American Vernacular
English (AAVE) challenges the literacy conventions expected in many academic settings, "traditional" teaching practices have often failed to address this vital matter of language diversity (Hollie, 2001; Moore, 1996; Ogbu, 1999; Wheeler and Swords, 2004).
Arnold Rampersad, Cognizant Dean of Humanities, School of Humanities and Sciences at Stanford University and preeminent biographer of Langston Hughes, believes it is misguided to romanticize African American vernacular
given the educational crisis facing today's youth: "Common speech is indeed vigorous and creative, but typically only someone who is educated can see the degree of creativity in such speech, and then romanticize what is essentially monolingualism.
In Toni Cade Bambara's short story, "The Lesson" (1972), the narrator, Sylvia, speaks and narrates in African American Vernacular
Their efforts to preserve and share the songs that they heard on their travels have culminated in a working archive that provides researchers with a complete experience of African American vernacular
That both Gates and Baker base their works on African American vernacular
performance forms--forms that are, as with many vernaculars, primarily oral in nature--makes these insights all the more significant.
Key points addressed include the socio-political contexts within which ways of thinking about language emerged; how these ways of thinking about sign languages, indigenous literacies, or African American Vernacular
may militate against the development of radically different and possibly more nuanced understandings of language; and ways in which revising how we think about language affects the nature of the language teaching materials we develop and our language-teaching goals.
Manning all but ignores the links among "Negro dance," African American vernacular
dance, and African American popular entertainment.
One reason for this neglect, the study argues, is the absence of a protocol for reading, one that does not construct a binary opposition between formalist literary culture and African American vernacular
Yule has completely updated this undergraduate text and added new sections on language and culture, African American vernacular
English, corpus linguistics, gender, gestures, slang, social markets, and speech accommodation.
1), and they help delineate the underlying processes whereby he sought fusion of European and African American vernacular
musical traditions in order to create a genuinely new, American voice.
As "A Corn-Song" (included among the "literary" poems despite its description of a moment on the plantation and the interpolation of black folk voices) suggests, Negro music was, and had long been, associated with "minor music" as the nearest approximation of the tonality of this African American vernacular
music on traditional European scales.
After a discussion of the broad goals of English language teaching and the role of the vernacular in the classroom, chapters individually examine the unique challenges of teaching students using African American Vernacular
English, Caribbean Creole English, Hawai'i Creole English, Hispanized English, West African Pidgin English, and Asian Englishes.
He has provided a brief preface on the his tory and importance of African American vernacular
music on film that is both authoritative and inspiring.
Thirteen American academics contribute to a collection of research articles on African American Vernacular
English (AAVE) for undergraduate and graduate students, teachers, researchers, literacy professionals and lay people.