On the need for revitalizing the liberal arts through the philosophy of Aquinas, see Aeterni Patris
He made all this plain in an address to the professors of the Gregorian on November 27, 1878, that is, even before Aeterni Patris
had been drawn up.
Thus Leo XIII in Aeterni Patris
was, even more explicitly than the Constitution Dei Filius of Vatican I (1870) (also attended by the Cardinal Archbishop of Perugia), taking up again the harmonious blend of reason and revelation inaugurated by Justin, Clement, and Irenaeus, brought to outstanding heights by Augustine's faith seeking understanding, and finding its climax in the Angelic Doctor.
He quotes favorably from Pope Leo XIII's Aeterni Patris
how Aquinas' "thought scales 'heights unthinkable to human intelligence'" ([section] 44).
Taparelli's influence on Leo XIII is evident in the encyclical Aeterni Patris
(1879) on restoring Thomistic philosophy and in the Magna Charta of Catholic social thought, Rerum Novarum (1891), (4) the last draft of which was written by Taparelli protege Matteo Liberatore.
Such a view indeed was commonly held before the increasing historical study of Christian philosophy that was one of the effects of Pope Leo XIII's Aeterni patris
His 1879 encyclical, Aeterni Patris
, canonized Thomism as the official philosophy of the Roman Catholic Church.
Thomas Aquinas surely has a special place in Fides et Ratio, but John Paul II quite deliberately did not go as far as Leo XIII's Aeterni Patris
in commending Thomism as the Church's philosophy.
00-Since Vatican II a new breed of Thomism has emerged on the scene, in effect superseding the two streams of neo-Thomistic thought which blossomed in the wake of Leo XIII's encyclical Aeterni Patris
, namely, Aristolelian Thomism, a movement which remains within the conceptual horizon of form and matter, and Existential Thomism, which insists upon pushing beyond hylomorphism to the ontological depth dimension of the actus essendi, the nonformal act responsible for suffusing the composite being with real existence.
Pope Leo XIII, in his Aeterni patris
, said that "It is the glory of philosophy to be esteemed as the bulwark of faith and the strong defence of religion.
4) More recently, in the wake of Leo XIII's bull Aeterni Patris
(1879), the terms of opposition, as we now recognize them, were set in place.
It became the official social philosophy of the church with Leo XIII's encyclical letter Aeterni Patris
Ventresca, "'A Plague of Perverse Opinions': Leo XIII's Aeterni patris
and the Catholic Encounter with Modernity.
These points are coherently stated in Leo's now-famous encyclical, Aeterni Patris
("On the Restoration of Christian Philosophy," 1879).
The revival of interest, and the historical, scholarly studies that gave it intellectual substance, were stimulated by Pope Leo XIII's encyclical of 1879, Aeterni Patris