ATLANTA -- The incidence of acute hepatitis B
is nearly twice as high among adults with diabetes as in those without, according to new data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Acute hepatitis B
is diagnosed by detection of IgM antibodies to the hepatitis B core antigen (IgM anti-HBc).
During 1996-1998, approximately half of persons with reported acute hepatitis B
previously had been treated for a sexually transmitted disease (STD) or incarcerated: 89% of injection drug users, 35% of men who have sex with men, and 70% of persons with multiple sex partners with reported acute hepatitis B
had been previously incarcerated or treated for an STD.
A total of 3,842 cases of acute hepatitis B
were reported in four U.
The work could have a major impact, because about 200 million people worlwide chronically carry the virus; in the United States, about 1 million people carry the virus and more than 300,000 new cases of acute hepatitis B
The incidence of acute hepatitis B
virus infections declined by 67% during 1990-2002, but increased more recently in certain age and risk groups of the U.
Half the patients with acute hepatitis B
and hepatitis C are 11 to 30 years of age (11).
Between 1982 and 1998, acute hepatitis B
cases declined by 76% in the United States, reported Dr.