acrosome

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Related to Acrosome reaction: Cortical reaction, capacitation
  • noun

Words related to acrosome

a process at the anterior end of a sperm cell that produces enzymes to facilitate penetration of the egg

References in periodicals archive ?
While calcium ionophore treatment was more effective than heparin or caffeine in inducing the acrosome reaction in goat sperm in vitro (Pereira et al.
On the other hand, heparin can induce the acrosome reaction in bovine spermatozoa (Handrow et al.
Capacitation-associated changes in protein-tyrosine-phosphorylation, hyperactivation and acrosome reaction in guinea pig sperm.
Capacitation involves several changes, occurring in both the sperm head and tail that lead to the release of the acrosomal content (called acrosome reaction, AR) (Yanagimachi, 1994) and to the acquisition of a distinct type of motility known as hyperactivation (Si and Okuno, 1999).
Normal sperm production and sperm quality, which include motility, capacitation, acrosome reaction, egg penetration and decondensation of sperm head, are essential processes necessary to achieve fertilization.
Sperm capacitation is enhanced by the uterine environment and hormones, which completes the acrosome reaction (Phelps et al.
KEY WORDS: abalone, Haliotis asinina, egg jelly coat, vitelline envelope, acrosome reaction, motility
Magnetic-activated cell sorting for sperm preparation reduces spermatozoa with apoptotic markers and improves the acrosome reaction in couples with unexplained infertility.
HP was the most potent GAG for enhancing sperm motility and inducing the acrosome reaction.
The sperm acrosoreal vesicle then disappeared and an acrosome reaction was observed at 1 min from the start.
Moreover, POEC and its conditioned medium efficiently increased the in vitro acrosome reaction of frozen-thawed bovine spermatozoa (23).
Lipid peroxidation has been suggested as the cause of abnormal acrosome reaction and loss of membrane fluidity, culminating in a loss of fertilizing potential of spermatozoa (Verma and Kanwar, 1998).
In particular, what new carbohydrates get exposed during the acrosome reaction and what happens after subsequent sperm-egg binding?
One possible hypothesis for this effect was the triggering of a premature acrosome reaction in sperms before they underwent full capacitation and maturation (31).
Acrosome reaction and viability were measured by a modified triple-stain technique described by Didion and Graves (1986).