However, a survey of reflexes of this hypothetical word in various Chinantecan languages shows that some of these denote Acrocomia
aculeata rather than, or in addition to, coconut.
This practice has been documented for Acrocomia
aculeata (Lleras & Coradin, 1984), Astrocaryum vulgare (Valente & Almeida, 2001), Attalea colenda (Blicher-Mathiesen & Balslev, 1990; Borgtoft Pedersen & Balslev, 1992), A.
Acrocomia, Attalea and Bactris are widely distributed in Mexico, Central America and South America, so the patterns of relationship between island and continental species are difficult to discern.
Species from different subfamilies are shared between the continental mainland and the islands: Acoelorrhaphe wrightii (Mexico, Central America, Florida, Cuba, Bahamas), Acrocomia aculeata (Mexico, Central and South America, Greater and Lesser Antilles) Coccothrinax agentata (Florida, Bahamas), Desmoncus polyacanthos (South America, Lesser Antilles), Geonoma interrupta (Central and South America, Hispaniola, Lesser Antilles), Geonoma undata (Central and South America, Lesser Antilles), Roystonea regia (Mexico, Florida, Bahamas, Cuba, Cayman Islands), R.
Acrocomia, Calyptronoma, Coccothrinax, Rovstonea, Sabal, and Thrinax occur throughout the Greater Antilles.
The case of Acrocomia aculeata is noteworthy, as this species is the most widespread palm in the West Indies, absent from only the Bahamas; however, taxonomic confusion may be obscuring biogeographical patterns.
The phylogeny of the Cocoseae rendered Acrocomia paraphyletic, with Gastrococos crispa nested within Acrocomia.
The oldest sites for Acrocomia are found in Santarem, northeastern Brazil (11,200 B.
Human dispersion of Acrocomia aculeata has been discussed by Janzen (1983), Scariot (1988), Kahn and Moussa (1995), and Piperno and Pearsall (1998).
Production of coyol wine from Acrocomia mexicana (Arecaceae) in Honduras.
Acrocomia mexicana: Palm of the ancient Mesoamericans.
Biologia reprodutiva de Acrocomia aculeata (Jacqin) Loddiges ex Martius (Palmae) no Distrito Federal.