According to EMA guideline (European Medicines Agency (HMPC) 2010), the extract is "other herbal preparation" declared as: refined liquid extract from Abies alba Mill.
Polyphenolic content and antioxidant activity of an extractive fraction from Abies alba bark.
61 weight >2mm (g) Woodland and hedges Abies alba
This could cause selective pressure leading to genetic erosion in a very short timeframe - on the most sensitive ecosystems and species located at high altitudes, such as beech and silver fir forests (Apennine beech forests with Taxus and Ilex, and Apennine beech forests with Abies alba
and beech forests with Abies nebrodensis), which are often isolated and have limited critical mass.
With the setting up of the forestry commission area of Taburno, forest cover was re-established with artifical plantations of Abies alba
, Larix decidua, Picea abies (L.
These areas will become mountain Picea forests to alpine level with some Pinus mugo-Rhododendron myrtifolium associations in the subalpine areas and Luzulo-Fagetum beech forests with Abies alba
and/or Picea abies to accelerate re-wilding processes and enhance biodiversity on the clear-felled areas.