The prevalence of women with hypertensive, diabetes mellitus (DM), dyslipidemia with hypertrigliceridemia, dyslipidemia with low HDL and abdominal obesity
Measurement of anthropometric indices of abdominal obesity
seems to be important, as they could be easily available and cheap parameters evaluating the risk of cardiovascular disease.
However, the significant ORs were attenuated after adjusting for only hyperinsulinemia (model 3), and after adjusting for both abdominal obesity
and hyperinsulinemia (model 4).
6 times more likely to meet criteria for abdominal obesity
(waist measurement greater than 102 cm for men and 88 cm for women), compared with the reference group.
The IDF has gone one step further, and concluded that abdominal obesity
is the fundamental abnormality responsible for the development of the components that comprise the MetS (2).
Research has shown that abdominal obesity
can be a key predictor of future heart disease and Type 2 diabetes.
Studies have indicated that if this abdominal obesity
was associated with two or more other factors, then the person will be suffering from the so-called "metabolic syndrome" defined as a combination of medical disorders that increase one's risk for cardiovascular disease and diabetes.
A new analysis looked for--and found--that exposure to one class of these chemicals, phthalates, correlated with two metabolic abnormalities in men: abdominal obesity
and insulin resistance [EHP 115:876-882; Stahlhut et al.
PHTHALATES, a common chemical found in everything from toys to soap, have been linked to abdominal obesity
and insulin resistance in men by the University of Rochester Medical Center, USA.
To some extent, this is because visceral abdominal obesity
is markedly on the rise worldwide in virtually all populations, hence it is difficult to impute increases in abdominal fat to specific effects of HIV infection or its treatment.
However, if there is too much cortisol circulating in the system--which can happen in the case of unmanaged stress--it can result in increased abdominal obesity
They are more likely to have abdominal obesity
, shown in a large waist, a leading factor for both conditions.
A recent study showed that civil servants exposed to chronic stress were two times more likely to show some of the risk factors for heart disease and diabetes (itself a risk factor for heart disease), such as abdominal obesity
, raised cholesterol and high blood pressure.
Signs of the syndrome are abdominal obesity
, low HDL ("good") cholesterol, and elevated (though not necessarily high) triglycerides, blood pressure, and blood sugar.
It is being developed for the management of cardiovascular risk factors, including reducing abdominal obesity
, and as an aid to stop smoking.